Arum is a genus of blooming plants in the family Araceae, typically referred to as the arum or calla lily family. This group of plants is found in a vast array of environments, from the tropical jungles of South America to the Mediterranean region of Europe and Asia.
The most widely known member of this family is most likely the calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica), a popular decorative plant that is cultivated for its striking, trumpet-shaped white flowers. However, there are numerous other types in the genus Arum that are likewise grown for their beautiful foliage and distinct flowers.
The flowers of Arum plants are often dark or dull in color, which helps to attract carrion beetles and other scavenging insects that are attracted to the odor of rotting flesh. As the bugs battle to leave, they accidentally select pollen from the plant’s male flowers and transfer it to the female flowers, making sure that the plant will be pollinated and produce seeds.
In addition to their uncommon pollination methods, Arum plants are also valued for their medical, residential, or commercial properties. Lots of types contain substances that have actually been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, including breathing infections, digestion conditions, and skin conditions. Some types, such as Arum maculatum, have actually even been utilized as a traditional treatment for cancer.
Regardless of their many advantages, Arum plants can likewise be toxic to human beings and animals if consumed in large amounts. The plant’s leaves and stems contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can trigger extreme inflammation and swelling in the mouth and throat if consumed. It is essential to deal with these plants with care and keep them out of reach of kids and family pets.
Overall, Arum is a fascinating and varied group of plants that provide both appeal and energy to biologists and gardeners alike. Whether you have an interest in their special pollination methods, their medical properties, or merely their striking foliage and flowers, there is something for everybody to value in this impressive genus.
Here is a list of 24 Types Of Popular Arum Pictorial Guide:
- Arum Dioscoridis
- Arum Dracunculus
- Arum Elongatum
- Arum Italicum
- Arum Maculatum
- Arum Nigrum
- Arum Orientale
- Arum Palaestinum
- Arum Pictum
- Arum Purpureospathum
- Arum Rupicola
- Arum Sintenisii
- Arum Concinnatum
- Arum Cylindraceum
- Arum Euxinum
- Arum Idaeum
- Arum Palestinum
- Arum Besserianum
- Arum Creticum
- Arum Hygrophilum
- Arum Korolkowii
- Arum Cyrenaicum
- Titan Arum
- How to Grow And Care For Arum
- How To Propagate Arum
- Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Arum
- Top 10 Interesting Facts About Arum
Arum Dioscoridis is a blooming plant type belonging to the family Araceae. It is typically found in the Mediterranean region and parts of the Middle East and is defined by its special, funnel-shaped flowers and large, arrowhead-shaped leaves. The plant is frequently used in conventional medicine for its possible restorative residential or commercial properties and is also a popular decorative plant in gardens and indoor areas.
Arum Dracunculus, typically known as Dragon Arum or Snake Lily, is a seasonal herbaceous plant that comes from the family Araceae. It is native to Europe and Asia Minor and produces a big, dark purple inflorescence that discharges a strong, unpleasant odor to bring in pollinators. The plant has a long, fleshy spadix with tiny flowers and a spathe that covers the spadix, looking like a dragon’s tongue. The leaves are shiny and divided into three brochures, offering it a palmate appearance. The plant includes calcium oxalate crystals that can trigger irritation and swelling if consumed or touched.
Arum Elongatum is a species of flowering plant native to the Mediterranean region and parts of western Asia. It is a perennial herb with elongated, arrow-shaped leaves and a distinctive spadix inflorescence surrounded by a green or purple spathe. The plant produces a foul odor to attract pollinators and is commonly found in shady, damp habitats such as woodlands and along streams.
Arum Italicum is an herbaceous perennial plant that comes from the Araceae family. It is native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia, and it has naturalized in other parts of the world. The plant produces big, glossy, heart-shaped leaves with unique white or yellowish veins, and it blooms with a spadix surrounded by a spathe that can be green or white. The plant is frequently grown as a decorative plant and has actually also been utilized for medical functions. All parts of the plant are toxic if consumed, and it can cause skin inflammation in some people.
Arum Maculatum, has unique arrow-shaped leaves that are dark green with white areas and a characteristic purple-brown flower spike called a “spadix” surrounded by a greenish-yellow bract called a “spathe.” The plant is extremely poisonous and can cause extreme irritation if ingested, but has also been used for medicinal purposes in standard medication.
Arum Nigrum, also referred to as the black arum or black calla lily, is a flowering plant type belonging to the Mediterranean area and parts of Asia. It usually grows in wet soils and produces a special inflorescence consisting of a black spadix surrounded by a dark purple spathe. In spite of its striking appearance, the plant gives off a foul odor that attracts its pollinators, which are typically flies. Arum Nigrum has actually been utilized for medical functions in standard medication; however, its parts are also understood to be poisonous if ingested.
Arum Orientale, likewise known as “Giant Arum” or “Black Arum,” is a plant type native to the eastern Mediterranean region and western Asia. The types are likewise known for their interesting cultural significance, having been used in standard medication and as a food source in some areas.
Arum Palaestinum, likewise referred to as the Palestinian Arum or Solomon’s Lily, is a seasonal herbaceous plant that is native to the eastern Mediterranean area. It has striking, large, heart-shaped leaves and produces a single inflorescence with a unique purple-black spathe surrounding a yellow spadix. The plant has a long history of traditional medicinal usage for a variety of disorders and is likewise used in cooking dishes in some cultures, although it must be noted that the plant is toxic if ingested raw.
Arum Pictum is a type of blooming plant native to the eastern Mediterranean region. Arum Pictum is likewise frequently cultivated as a decorative plant for its appealing foliage and uncommon flowers.
Arum Purpureospathum is a species of flowering plant in the family Araceae, native to the Mediterranean area. The plant is mostly grown as a decorative for its unique and appealing appearance, but it likewise has conventional medical usage in some cultures.
Arum Rupicola is a plant species belonging to the Mediterranean region, frequently known as “cliff arum” or “rock arum.” It is a perennial herb that grows up to 40 cm tall and produces white to pale yellow flowers in spring. The plant has large, glossy, arrow-shaped leaves and grows well in rocky environments. Arum rupicola is a popular decorative plant and is also utilized in standard medicine to deal with various ailments. It ought to be handled with care as it consists of calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause skin inflammation and other health issues if consumed.
Arum Sintenisii is a type of blooming plant in the Araceae household. It is a seasonal herb that grows from a corm and produces a single, big, arrow-shaped leaf that is mottled with green and white. The plant likewise produces a high, slender spike of little, fragrant flowers surrounded by a leaf-like spathe. Arum Sintenisii belongs to the Canary Islands and is adjusted to prosper in rocky, volcanic soils. In some cases, it is grown as a decorative plant for its striking foliage and unusual flowers.
Arum Concinnatum is a species of flowering plant in the Araceae household, native to the eastern Mediterranean area and the Middle East. It is a herbaceous perennial that produces a distinctive, vase-shaped inflorescence known as a spathe, which confines a spadix covered in small flowers. The spathe is a dark purplish-brown color and produces a foul odor, resembling the smell of decaying meat, to draw in pollinators such as beetles and flies.
The plant has been used in traditional medicine to treat a range of disorders, and its tuberous rootstock is edible after cooking. However, it contains high levels of calcium oxalate crystals and must be prepared appropriately to prevent inflammation or poisoning.
Arum Cylindraceum is a plant type that comes from the Araceae family. It is a seasonal herbaceous plant that grows from a corm and produces a single, big, cylindrically-shaped inflorescence with a round spadix and a yellowish-green spathe. The plant belongs to the Mediterranean region and is frequently found in rocky and dubious habitats. It is often grown as an ornamental plant for its striking and special inflorescence.
Arum Euxinum is a type of blooming plant in the family Araceae, native to the Caucasus region of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. The plant is understood for its decorative value and is typically grown as an outdoor or indoor decorative plant.
Arum Idaeum is a species of blooming plant that comes from the family Araceae. It belongs to the Mediterranean region and can be discovered in nations such as Greece, Turkey, and Italy. The plant produces a distinctive inflorescence, or flower cluster, that includes a large white spathe and a spadix that is yellow at the base and brownish-purple towards the tip.
The plant is also known for its appealing foliage, which is heart-shaped and can vary in color from green to dark purple. Regardless of its charm, Arum Idaeum is poisonous if ingested and must be managed with care.
Arum Palestinum, likewise referred to as the Palestine Arum or Solomon’s Lily, is a seasonal plant type that comes from the Araceae household. It is native to the eastern Mediterranean area and can mature to 60 cm in height. The plant produces a single flower spike that consists of a greenish-white spathe surrounding a yellow spadix.
The type is known for its pungent and unique smell, which attracts pollinating insects such as beetles and flies. In some cultures, the plant is thought of as spiritual and has been utilized for cooking and medical purposes.
Arum Besserianum is a plant type belonging to the family Araceae and belonging to the Caucasus area of Eurasia. It generally matures to 20–30 cm in height and produces little, greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by a purple or green spathe. The plant is often cultivated as an ornamental for its unique foliage and interesting flower structure.
Arum Creticum is a species of flowering plant that belongs to the Araceae family. The plant produces a single big leaf and a distinct spadix that is surrounded by a green or purple spathe. The plant has both ornamental and medicinal uses, and its roots have actually been generally used to treat a range of ailments.
Arum Hygrophilum is a species of blooming plant in the Araceae family, native to Madagascar. It is a seasonal herb that grows up to 30 cm tall and has a distinct inflorescence, including a pale yellow-green spathe surrounding a yellow spadix.
This plant prefers damp, shady environments and is often found growing in swamps and along riverbanks. Its distinctive appearance and choice for wet environments make it a popular ornamental plant in bog gardens and water functions.Amazon Succulent Plant Food:
Arum Korolkowii is a type of blooming plant in the Araceae family, native to the Caucasus region of Europe and Asia. Arum Korolkowii is frequently grown as an ornamental plant, but it needs to be handled with care as it contains calcium oxalate crystals that can trigger skin irritation and other health problems if ingested.
Arum Cyrenaicum is a plant type that comes from the family Araceae. It is native to the Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya and grows in rocky areas and in Mediterranean scrub plants. The plant produces a single, large, and flashy spathe, which confines a spadix that contains lots of small flowers. The spathe is typically greenish-yellow but can likewise be purple or reddish-brown.
Arum Cyrenaicum is pollinated by flies and produces a strong, unpleasant odor to attract them. The plant has been utilized in standard medication to treat different ailments, but it contains harmful substances and ought not to be ingested.
Water-Arum (likewise known as Wild Calla or Water Dragon) is a perennial aquatic plant that comes from the family Araceae. It has large, arrow-shaped leaves that mature to 60 cm long and 30 cm broad, and a fleshy, white or yellowish-green spathe that surrounds a yellow spadix. Water-Arum is found in shallow ponds, swamps, and streams in North America and Europe and is typically utilized as a decorative plant in water gardens. Nevertheless, it should be handled with care, as all parts of the plant are hazardous if consumed.
The Titan Arum, likewise known as the “remains flower,” is a big and uncommon flowering plant belonging to the rain forests of Sumatra, Indonesia. It is known for its imposing inflorescence, which can reach 10 feet in height and produces a strong smell comparable to that of decomposing flesh, which attracts carrion beetles and flesh flies for pollination.
The Titan Arum is also a thermogenic plant, meaning it can produce its own heat to further spread its aroma and attract pollinators. Due to its unique appearance and unusual flowering cycle, the Titan Arum has actually become a popular attraction in botanical gardens around the globe.
How to Grow And Care For Arum
Arums are a popular plant for their attractive foliage and unique flowers. Here are some tips on how to grow and care for arum plants:
- Planting: Arums prefer well-draining soil and partial to full shade. Plant the tubers in the soil with the top of the tuber just below the surface, spacing them about 12–18 inches apart.
- Watering: Arums prefer moist soil; however, they can endure some dryness. Water them frequently throughout the growing season, but avoid overwatering, as this can cause root rot.
- Fertilizing: Arums do not require heavy fertilization. A light application of a balanced fertilizer once or twice during the growing season is sufficient.
- Pruning: Remove any dead or yellowing leaves to keep the plant looking tidy.
- Proliferation: Arums can be propagated by dividing the bulbs between the fall and early spring. Ensure each department has at least one growing point.
- Pest and illness control: Arums are usually bug- and disease-resistant. Nevertheless, they can be susceptible to snails and slugs. Use slug bait or handpick any pests that you see.
- Winter care: Arums are hardy in USDA zones 6–9. In colder areas, the plants may need to be lifted in the fall and stored in a cool, dry place until spring. In warmer areas, they can be left on the ground.
By following these tips, you can enjoy the beauty of arum plants in your garden.
How To Propagate Arum
Arum is a genus of flowering plants that includes around 30 species. The propagation of Arum can be done in several ways, including seed propagation, division, and offset propagation. Here are the steps to propagate Arum through division and offset propagation:
- In early spring or fall, dig up the Arum plant and gently separate the rhizomes (thick underground stems) using a sharp knife.
- Make sure each divided section has at least one healthy bud or shoot.
- Dust the cuts with fungicide powder or cinnamon to prevent fungal infection.
- Plant each section in well-draining soil, burying the rhizomes about 3–4 inches deep, and water it well.
- Keep the soil consistently moist and in a partially shaded area. The new plants should start growing in a few weeks.
- When the Arum plant matures, it will produce smaller offsets or baby plants around the base of the parent plant.
- Gently remove the offsets using a sharp knife, and make sure that each offset has its roots.
- Dust the cuts with fungicide powder or cinnamon to prevent fungal infection.
- Plant each offset in a well-draining soil mix, burying the roots about 1-2 inches deep, and water it well.
- Keep the soil consistently moist and in a partially shaded area. The new plants should start growing in a few weeks.
Propagation through seed is also possible, but it is a slower process and requires a bit more care. It involves sowing the seeds in a well-draining soil mix in late winter or early spring, keeping the soil consistently moist, and in a partially shaded area. The seeds usually germinate within 3–4 weeks.
Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Arum
Q: Who is Arum?
A: Arum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, commonly known as arums or cuckoo pint. They are native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa and are known for their unique floral structure and often colorful spathes. Some species, like the common cuckoo pint (Arum maculatum), have poisonous properties.
Q: How do I care for Arum plants?
A: Arum plants prefer moist, well-draining soil and partial to full shade. They can be propagated by division of the underground tubers in the fall or spring. Be careful when handling arum plants, as some species can cause skin irritation or allergic reactions.
Q: Are Arum plants poisonous?
A: Some types of Arum, such as Arum maculatum, are poisonous if ingested. The plant consists of calcium oxalate crystals, which can trigger inflammation and swelling of the mouth, throat, and digestive system. It is important to keep these plants out of the reach of family pets and kids.
Q: What is the significance of Arum in culture and mythology?
A: Arum plants have been featured in various cultures and mythologies throughout history. In ancient Greek mythology, the god of wine, Dionysus, was said to have used the arum plant to heal a wound he received in battle. In Christianity, the arum lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica) is often associated with the resurrection of Christ and is commonly used in funeral arrangements.
Q: Can Arum be grown indoors?
A: Yes, Arum plants can be grown indoors in containers. They require partial to full shade and consistent moisture, but it is important to note that some species can be toxic if ingested. As with outdoor Arum plants, it is important to handle indoor Arum plants with care.
Top 10 Interesting Facts About Arum
Arum is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the Araceae family. Here are ten interesting facts about Arum:
- There are around 25 to 30 species of Arum plants found throughout the world, including in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
- The Arum plant is also known by several other common names, including “snake lily,” “voodoo lily,” and “dragon plant.”
- The Arum plant is known for its distinctive, funnel-shaped flowers, which are often fragrant and range in color from white to purple.
- Arum plants are known for their unusual pollination strategy, which involves attracting flies with a foul smell and trapping them in the flower until they have pollinated it.
- Some species of Arum plants, such as the Italian arum (Arum italicum), are also used as ornamental plants in gardens.
- Arum plants have been used for medicinal purposes in various cultures throughout history, including as a treatment for respiratory ailments and digestive problems.
- Some species of Arum plants, such as the cuckoo pint (Arum maculatum), are considered poisonous and can cause skin irritation and other symptoms if ingested.
- The Arum plant is known for its ability to generate heat, which can help attract pollinators and aid in the pollination process.
- Arum plants are also able to generate their own nutrients through a process called “photosynthesis,” which involves using sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen.
- Some species of Arum plants, such as the Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arum triphyllum), have played an important role in traditional Native American medicine and culture.