Cacti are a kind of succulent plant that is widely recognized for their special adaptations to make it through harsh, arid environments. There are over 2,000 species of cacti, and they can be discovered in deserts, rocky outcroppings, and grasslands throughout the Americas, from the southern United States to the southern tip of South America.
Cacti are well-known for their spiky look, which helps protect them from predators, such as herbivores, looking for food. They likewise have adapted to conserve water in different ways, such as having a shallow root system that can rapidly take in rainwater and store it in their thick stems for later usage. Cacti likewise have small, efficient leaves that minimize water loss through transpiration and photosynthesis.
In addition to their adaptive physical characteristics, cacti have developed a variety of other methods to save water and make it through in hot, dry environments. For example, many cacti flower at night when it’s cooler, which helps them conserve water and draw in pollinators. Some types of cacti likewise produce edible fruit, which provides sustenance for both wildlife and human beings.
Cacti are popular plants for homes and gardens, both for their special appearance and their low maintenance requirements. They are frequently grown in pots and can be left without water for long periods of time, making them a fantastic option for absent-minded or hectic gardeners.
Despite their difficult exterior, cacti are still vulnerable to illness and pests. Common issues include root rot, fungal infections, and insect invasions, such as mealybugs and scale bugs. To prevent these problems, it’s important to provide proper care and maintenance, such as adequate light and water, a good drain, and occasional fertilization.
In conclusion, cacti are remarkable plants that have actually adjusted to make it through some of the harshest environments in the world. Whether you are growing them in your house or observing them in their natural habitat, cacti have a special perspective on the durability of nature and the diversity of life on our planet.
Here are 30 Types Of Popular Cactus Pictorial Guide:
- Silver Torch Cactus (Cleistocactus Straussii)
- Cleistocactus (Cleistocactus Spp.)
- Thelocactus (Thelocactus Spp.)
- Parodia (Parodia spp.)
- Epiphyllum (Epiphyllum Spp.)
- Lobivia (Lobivia Spp.)
- Notocactus (Notocactus Spp.)
- Flying Saucer Cactus (Graptopetalum Paraguayense)
- Beavertail Cactus (Opuntia Basilaris)
- Engelmann’s Prickly Pear (Opuntia Engelmannii)
- Devil’s Tongue (Pediocactus Simpsonii)
- King’s Crown (Echinocactus Horizonthalonius)
- Rat Tail Cactus (Aporocactus Flagelliformis)
- Easter Lily Cactus (Echinopsis Oxygona)
- Night-Blooming Cereus (Epiphyllum Oxypetalum)
- Sea Urchin Cactus (Echinopsis Spp.)
- Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus Spp.)
- Peruvian Apple Cactus (Cereus Repandus)
- Cactus Turbinatus (Hook.) Kuntze
- Star Cactus (Astrophytum Spp.)
- Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria Spp.)
- Moon Cactus (Gymnocalycium Mihanovichii)
- Rebutia (Rebutia Spp.)
- Old Man Cactus (Cephalocereus Senilis)
- Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera Spp.)
- Cholla (Cylindropuntia Spp.)
- Golden Barrel (Echinocactus Grusonii)
- Fishhook Barrel (Ferocactus Wislizeni)
- Prickly Pear (Opuntia Spp.)
- Saguaro (Carnegiea Gigantea)
- How To Grow And Care For Cacti
- How To Propagate The Cacti Succulent
- Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Cacti
- Top 10 Interesting Facts About Cacti
Silver Torch Cactus (Cleistocactus Straussii)
Silver Torch Cactus, also called Cleistocactus Straussii, is a species of cactus belonging to South America. It is known for its high, round stems that are covered in silver-grey spinal columns and its bright red or orange flowers that bloom on the top of the plant. This species is a popular option for cactus gardens and xeriscape landscapes due to its special look and low maintenance requirements.
Cleistocactus (Cleistocactus Spp.)
Cleistocactus is a genus of cacti belonging to South America. These cacti are understood for their striking, cylindrical stems and their capability to endure arid conditions. Some types produce lively blooms in shades of red, orange, and yellow. They are popular among succulent and cacti lovers and are relatively low-maintenance plants.
Thelocactus (Thelocactus Spp.)
Thelocactus is a genus of cacti that belongs to the family Cactaceae. They are native to Mexico and are typically known for their distinct, barrel-shaped stems and brilliantly colored spinal columns. They are popular among cactus enthusiasts and are simple to take care of, making them a popular choice for outdoor and indoor cultivation.
Thelocactus types can be found in a variety of shapes, colors, and sizes, and some of them are likewise known for their big, bright flowers that bloom in the summer season.
Parodia (Parodia spp.)
Parodia (Parodia spp.) is a genus of cacti native to South America, known for their striking look and compact size. They have spherical to cylindrical stems covered in spines and gorgeous, brilliantly colored flowers. These cacti are typically used as ornamental plants and are easy to look after, making them popular with gardeners and plant enthusiasts alike.
Epiphyllum (Epiphyllum Spp.)
Epiphyllum It is native to Central and South America and is prized for its big, showy blossoms that come in a range of colors. The plant grows in a climbing or tracking manner, making it perfect for use as a hanging basket or on a trellis.
Lobivia (Lobivia Spp.)
Lobivia is a genus of cacti in the Cactaceae family, belonging to South America. It is typically called the “chameleon cactus” due to its capability to alter color based on sunlight exposure and water accessibility. These cacti can be found in a range of sizes and shapes, with spiny or hairy stems and lively flowers in shades of yellow, orange, and red. They are popular for growing as houseplants or in rock gardens.
Notocactus (Notocactus Spp.)
Notocactus is a genus of cactus types native to South America. Notocactus types are also popular among collectors due to their special appearance and rarity.
Flying Saucer Cactus (Graptopetalum Paraguayense)
The Flying Dish Cactus, also known as Graptopetalum Paraguayense, is a slow-growing succulent plant that is native to Mexico and Argentina. The plant produces small, star-shaped flowers that are purple or normally pink in color.
Beavertail Cactus (Opuntia Basilaris)
The Beavertail Cactus, likewise known as Opuntia Basilaris, is a low-growing species native to the deserts of North America. It also includes spinal columns along its edges and yellow flowers in the spring.
Engelmann’s Prickly Pear (Opuntia Engelmannii)
Engelmann’s Prickly Pear is a type of cactus belonging to North America. It is named after the botanist George Engelmann and is recognized by its oval, flat pads and clusters of yellow or orange flowers.
The plant is known for its spiny, protective layers and its edible fruit, which is commonly utilized in cooking. Engelmann’s Prickly Pear is typically used for decorative purposes and for disintegration control in deserts.
Devil’s Tongue (Pediocactus Simpsonii)
Devil’s Tongue is a cactus type that is native to the southwestern United States. It is a little, barrel-shaped cactus with a greenish-yellow color and various spinal columns along its body. It produces intense pink or magenta flowers during the summer months. This species is considered a threatened species and is protected by law.
King’s Crown (Echinocactus Horizonthalonius)
King’s Crown (Echinocactus Horizonthalonius) is a cactus type belonging to Mexico. It is known for its unique circular shape and bright yellow spinal columns that form a crown-like shape; for this reason, it gets its name. The plant grows slowly and reaches a height of approximately 8 inches.
It produces yellow flowers that bloom in the spring and summer seasons. The King’s Crown is a popular ornamental plant in xeriscape gardens and is prized for its unique look and low maintenance requirements.
Rat Tail Cactus (Aporocactus Flagelliformis)
Rat Tail Cactus is a special and intriguing species of cactus that is defined by its long, thin stem that resembles a rat tail. Its common name reflects its look, while its scientific name, Aporocactus flagelliformis, refers to the whip-like shape of its stem.
Easter Lily Cactus (Echinopsis Oxygona)
The Easter Lily Cactus is a distinct and gorgeous plant type with delicate, fragrant flowers that resemble lilies. The plant needs well-drained soil and moderate water and can be grown in a range of conditions, making it a popular option for collectors and gardeners alike.
Night-Blooming Cereus (Epiphyllum Oxypetalum)
The Night-Blooming Cereus is a kind of cactus that is native to Central and South America. It is known for its sensational, big, white flowers that open just during the night and give off a sweet scent. The plant’s stem is fleshy and flat, with spiky leaves and stunning, lively flowers.
It is a popular houseplant and is easy to look after, making it a fantastic choice for those who wish to bring a touch of nature into their house.
Sea Urchin Cactus (Echinopsis Spp.)
The Sea Urchin Cactus, likewise called Echinopsis Spp., is a kind of cactus belonging to South America. It is known for its distinct spiny appearance, which looks like that of a sea urchin. The cactus grows in a globular shape with little flowers that bloom from the center of the plant.
It is a popular choice for cactus gardens and succulent collections due to its distinctive appearance and low upkeep requirements.
Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus Spp.)
The Hedgehog Cactus is a species of cactus that is typically discovered in the deserts of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. This species is known for its distinct spiny structure that resembles a hedgehog, which serves as a defense reaction against predators.
The Hedgehog Cactus produces large, colorful flowers in shades of pink, red, and yellow, making it a popular option for gardens and landscaping. The hedgehog cactus is a slow-growing type and can live for over 100 years if properly cared for.
Peruvian Apple Cactus (Cereus Repandus)
The Peruvian Apple Cactus is a cactus type native to South America. In spite of its popularity as a garden plant, the Peruvian Apple Cactus is a slow-growing species that require specific conditions to grow, such as well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight.
Cactus Turbinatus (Hook.) Kuntze
Cactus Turbinatus, also referred to as Hooker’s Cactus is a type of cactus native to Mexico. It is a little, globose cactus that has bright green, ribbed stems and yellow, aromatic flowers. This species is a slow-growing plant but is treasured for its unique shape and intense blossoms. It is commonly utilized in succulent gardens and as a houseplant.
Star Cactus (Astrophytum Spp.)
The Star Cactus, also known as Astrophytum Spp., is a slow-growing cactus species native to the deserts of Mexico. The cactus produces little yellow or white flowers in the spring or summer seasons.
Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria Spp.)
The Pincushion Cactus, also known as Mammillaria Spp., is a type of cactus native to the deserts of North and Central America. It is known for its distinctive round shape and spiky appearance, with clusters of intense pink, yellow, or white flowers that flower from the top of the cactus. Pincushion cactus is a popular choice for succulent gardens and is low-maintenance, making it ideal for both outdoor and indoor environments.
Moon Cactus (Gymnocalycium Mihanovichii)
The Moon Cactus (Gymnocalycium Mihanovichii) is a species of cactus that is native to South America. Despite its delicate look, the moon cactus is tough and can make it through in a variety of conditions.
Rebutia (Rebutia Spp.)
Rebutia is a genus of cacti belonging to South America. It is a popular type among cactus lovers and collectors understood for its dynamic blossoms and attractive cylindrical or round shapes. Some types are small, only growing to a few inches in height, while others can grow up to a number of feet tall.
Rebutia is an easy-to-care-for cactus that can be grown in a range of climates and environments.
Old Man Cactus (Cephalocereus Senilis)
Old Man Cactus, likewise referred to as Cephalocereus Senilis, is a type of cactus belonging to Mexico. It is defined by its distinctive white hair-like fibers covering its stem, which gives it the appearance of an old man. The plant grows to be rather tall and produces dynamic pink or red flowers. It is a slow-growing species but is simple to look after, making it a popular choice for outdoor and indoor gardens.
Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera Spp.)
Christmas Cactus is a popular houseplant known for its lively flowers throughout the holiday season. Christmas cactus is simple to care for and needs low light, moderate watering, and well-draining soil.
Cholla (Cylindropuntia Spp.)
Cholla is a genus of cacti commonly known as the “jumping cactus.” This species is native to the desert regions of the American Southwest and northern Mexico. Cholla is characterized by its cylindrical stems, spiny branches, and bright green foliage. Its unique jumping mechanism, where the spiny branches break off easily and attach themselves to passing animals or people, helps in its propagation.
Cholla is a hardy plant that can thrive in extreme conditions and is often used in xeriscaping and landscaping.
Golden Barrel (Echinocactus Grusonii)
The Golden Barrel is a species of cactus known for its distinct spherical shape and golden yellow spines. It originates from Mexico and grows to about two feet tall and wide. This species is slow-growing and drought-tolerant, making it a popular choice for xeriscaping and desert-style gardens. The Golden Barrel produces bright yellow flowers in the summer, attracting bees and other pollinators.
Fishhook Barrel (Ferocactus Wislizeni)
The Fishhook Barrel (Ferocactus Wislizeni) is a species of cactus native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. It is a slow-growing, solitary cactus that can grow up to 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide. It has a cylindrical shape and is covered in dense spines that resemble a fishhook, hence its common name.
The Fishhook Barrel produces bright yellow flowers in the summer, and its fruit is edible but bitter. It is a hardy species that are drought-tolerant and ideal for xeriscaping.
Prickly Pear (Opuntia Spp.)
Prickly Pear is a species of cactus native to the Americas. It is known for its distinctive green fleshy pads covered in sharp spines and its edible fruit, which ranges in color from yellow to red. This plant is often used for ornamental purposes and as a natural barrier due to its prickly nature. Additionally, it is utilized as a food source and in conventional medicine.
Saguaro (Carnegiea Gigantea)
The Saguaro (Carnegiea Gigantea) is a species of cactus native to the Sonoran Desert in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. It is one of the largest species of cacti and can grow up to 60 feet tall. The saguaro is known for its distinctive arms, which only grow after the cactus reaches maturity and can store large amounts of water, making it well-adapted to the hot and dry desert environment.
How To Grow And Care For Cacti
Here is the information on how to grow and care for cactus.
- Choose the right pot: Cacti need well-draining soil, so make sure the pot you choose has drainage holes. You can also add sand, perlite, or other coarse materials to improve drainage.
- Choose the right soil: Cactus soil should be light and well-draining. You can buy cactus soil or make your own by mixing sand, perlite, and potting soil in equal parts.
- Provide the right light: Cacti need a lot of bright light to grow and bloom, so place your cactus near a bright window or in a sunny spot.
- Water correctly: Cacti store water in their stems, so they do not need to be watered frequently. In general, cacti should be watered once every 2–4 weeks, depending on the species and the environment.
- Fertilize regularly: You can fertilize cacti once a month with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer during the growing season (spring and summer).
- Watch for pests: Cacti are generally pest-resistant, but they can still be affected by spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. If you notice any pests, treat them promptly with insecticide or remove them by hand.
- Repot periodically: Cacti grow slowly and will eventually outgrow their pots. You can repot cacti every 2-3 years to provide them with fresh soil and more room to grow.
- Protect from extreme temperatures: Cacti can be sensitive to extreme temperatures, so make sure they are protected from frost or intense heat.
By following these guidelines, you can help your cactus thrive and enjoy its unique beauty for years to come.
How To Propagate The Cacti Succulent
Here are the steps to propagate the Cacti.
- Cut a stem: Using a clean, sharp knife or scissors, carefully cut a stem from the parent plant. Make sure the stem is healthy and has at least one set of leaves.
- Let it dry: Leave the stem cuttings to dry for a day or two in a dry place, allowing the wound to heal and preventing rot.
- Plant the cutting: Fill a small pot with cactus potting mix and make a small hole. Put the stem cutting into the hole and gently press the soil around it.
- Water sparingly: Water the cutting sparingly, but enough to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Wait a few days before watering again to allow the cutting to root.
- Provide bright light: Place the cutting in a bright, sunny location to encourage root growth.
- Wait for growth: Wait for several weeks to a few months for roots to form and new growth to emerge. Once the cactus has established roots, it can be gradually acclimated to its new environment.
- Repot: When the cactus has grown enough, repot it into a larger container with fresh cactus potting mix.
Note: Some species of cacti can be propagated from seeds, but stem cuttings are the most common and successful method of propagation.
Top 5 FAQ And Answers For Cacti
Q: How often should I water my cactus?
A: The frequency of watering a cactus depends on the species, size, and environmental conditions. In general, cacti should be watered once a week or every two weeks. However, during the hot and dry summer months, they may need watering more frequently. During the winter, they may require less watering or none at all.
Q: How much light does a cactus need?
A: Most cacti prefer bright, direct sunlight, but some species can tolerate partial shade. When grown indoors, it is important to place cacti near a sunny window or under grow lights.
Q: What type of soil is best for cacti?
A: Cacti prefer well-draining, gritty soil. A commercial cactus mix or a mix of sand, perlite, and potting soil works well. Avoid heavy clay soils that retain too much moisture.
Q: How often should I fertilize my cactus?
A: Cacti typically do not need frequent fertilization. A balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can be applied once every two to three months during the growing season (spring and summer).
Q: Why is my cactus turning yellow or brown?
A: There are several reasons why cacti may turn yellow or brown, including overwatering, lack of sunlight, root rot, or pests. It is important to carefully monitor the watering schedule, make sure the cactus is getting enough light, and check for any signs of pests. If the problem persists, it may be necessary to repot the cactus with fresh soil.
Top 10 Interesting Facts About Cacti
- Cacti are native to the Americas and are found mainly in desert regions.
- Cacti are known for their ability to store water in their stems, allowing them to survive in harsh conditions.
- Cacti are part of the Cactaceae family, and there are over 1,500 species of cacti.
- Some cacti can grow up to 60 feet tall, such as the Saguaro cactus.
- Cacti have adapted to their environment by developing spines for protection and to prevent water loss.
- Some cacti produce beautiful flowers, such as the Easter lily cactus.
- Cacti are used by indigenous communities for food, medicine, and building materials.
- The edible parts of cacti include the fruit, seeds, and stems, with the prickly pear cactus being a popular food source.
- The saguaro cactus is protected by law and is considered a symbol of the American Southwest.
- Some cacti have been found to live over 100 years, with some specimens estimated to be over 200 years old.